INTRODUCTION. Mosquito-borne diseases claim millions of lives annually despite significant control efforts. Flight range has long been recognized as a factor in the importance of a given mosquito species in disease transmission (Reeves 1965, Rowley et al. Rainfall may affect abundance and productivity of breeding sites but this species’ preference for artificial water containers means it does not have to rely on rainfall for larval development sites [10]. Flight range is reportedly limited to 200 m [12].

2008).

Infection with La Crosse virus has been shown to affect the survival of progeny but not to the extent that it eradicates mosquito populations [3]. 2001 , 2004 ; Bernard et al. We used the search terms range or capacity or capabilit* or abilit* or distance* or barrier* or limit* and flight or dispers* or flying or migrat* together with the search terms mosquito* or Culicidae or Anopheles or Aedes or Ochlerotatus or Culiseta or Culex or Mansonia or Coquillettidia* in the title, abstract, and key or heading words. Photograph by Paul Howell and Frank Hadley Collins, Center for Disease Control Public Health Image Library. Some of the larger mosquitoes in the Midwestern United States can be found 7 miles or more from their breeding sites. In particular, Aedes aegypti (L.), the primary vector of dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever, and Zika viruses (Gubler 2002, Bhatt et al. The Flight Range of 90% of the mosquito population (FR90) was found to exceed 200 m, consistently with data obtained from a previous study conducted in a highly urbanised area in Rome (Central Italy). The dispersal and flight range of the mosquito Aedes communis, a species characteristic of the northern coniferous forest, were studied at timberline at Churchill, Man., during the summer of 1950.Four million larvae were collected and reared in wooden tanks containing 0.05 μc. Most mosquitoes, however, have the ability to fly 1-3 miles. In the northeastern United States, Culex pipiens L. and Cx. Most species have flight ranges of 1-3 miles. This mosquito thrives in urban and suburban neighborhoods because backyard containers and clutter (tires, buckets, water cans, etc.) restuans Theobald are the main enzootic vectors of West Nile virus (WNV) ( Andreadis et al. Aedes aegypti is capable of transmitting diseases such as dengue fever and yellow fever. The Zika-spreading Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes only fly a few hundred feet from their breeding area. Aedes albopictus (Stegomyia albopicta), from the mosquito (Culicidae) family, also known as (Asian) tiger mosquito or forest mosquito, is a mosquito native to the tropical and subtropical areas of Southeast Asia; however, in the past few decades, this species has spread to many countries through the transport of goods and international travel. Some Aedes mosquitoes may fly many miles under their own power, and may stray far further with the aid of wind and vehicles. Larval Control: ULV applications. 2005 ). offer ideal breeding conditions for them. However, others suggest that dispersal may be greater than previously suspected, especially in extensive wooded areas [11]. of P 32 per larva. 2014, Montero 2015, Meaney-Delman et al. Aedes aegypti also has limited dispersal capability as adults [10] with a flight range estimate of only 200m [27]. Page last reviewed: February 23, 2018. Whereas many will tend to fly low to the ground, others will be active and seek food in the tree canopy or higher. Mosquito species preferring to breed around the house, like the Asian Tiger Mosquito, have limited flight ranges of about 300 feet. Certain large pool breeders in the Midwest are often found up to 7 miles from known breeding spots. 1968).The ability to disperse, along with its host preferences, biting frequency, and transmission rates are crucial components of vector capacity and the ability to efficiently transmit a particular pathogen (Saegerman et al. Determining the flight dispersal of vector mosquitoes is required to understand the epidemiological patterns of mosquito-borne pathogens and to inform control measures.



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